The eighth-century B.C. poet Homer had been the first to point out the existence of the Amazons. Within the Iliad—which is set 500 years earlier in the day, throughout the Bronze or Heroic Age—Homer referred in their mind notably cursorily as Amazons antianeirai, an ambiguous term which has lead to lots of translations, from “antagonistic to men” to “the equal of men.” These women were considered worthy enough opponents for Homer’s male characters to be able to boast of killing them—without looking like cowardly bullies in any case.
Generations to come of poets went further and provided the Amazons a role that is fighting the autumn of Troy—on the medial side associated with Trojans.
Arktinos of Miletus included a condemned love, explaining the way the Greek Achilles killed the Amazonian queen Penthesilea in hand-to-hand combat, simply to fall immediately deeply in love with her as her helmet slipped to show the face beneath that is beautiful. Continue reading